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Biography of Vasco de Gama, the great explorer who discovered sea routes in India


Biography of Vasco de Gama
Biography of Vasco de Gama

Biography of Vasco de Gama, the great explorer who discovered sea routes in India

Vasco de Gama was one of the world's most famous and prominent maritime explorers, who discovered sea routes in India.


The great discovery of Vasco de Gama laid the foundation for business and cultural exchange throughout the world. Not only this, he was also the first person to reach India via sea from Europe, who also established a Portuguese colony in Goa. So let's know about the great explorer Vasco de Gama-


Life of Vasco da Gama, the great explorer who discovered sea routes in India - Vasco da Gama History in Hindi

Vasco da gama




Vasco da Gama at a glance - Vasco Da Gama Information in Hindi

Full Name            Dom Vasco da Gama ( Vasco Da Gama )

Birthday               Around 1460 to 1469 in Saines, Alejanto

Mother Name   Isabelle Sourde

Father's Name  Estevao de Gama

Wife Name         Katrina de Atayade

Death    24 May 1524

Vasco da Gama's birth and early life - Vasco Da Gama Biography

Historians have differing views about the early life and birth of the great explorer Vasco de Gama. Although some historians believe him to have been born in 1460, some historians state his birth in 1469 at the fortress of Sines on the seacoast of the province of Alentejo, Portugal.


Vasco de Gama's father Estevao de Gama was also a great investigative sailor, his father also being knighted. At the same time, Vasco de Gama took an interest in his father's business and he also took command of the ships being taken by sea. Let me tell you that he is known as both Vasco da Gama and Vasco de Gama.


Vasco da Gama's first voyage - Vasco Da Gama First Voyage

Vasco de Gama arrived in Lisbon, South Africa with a fleet of 4 of his ships on 8 July 1497 for the first time to explore trade routes in India. During this time, he had two medium-sized three-mast ships. Each ship weighed about 120 tons in it, and their names were Sauo Raffle and Sauo Grabrial.


It took him a long time of about 3 months to travel a long way of about 10 thousand kilometers. Apart from 4 ships, there were 3 interpreters during this voyage with his fleet. Let us tell you that this fleet had also taken the Pedro, that is, the stone pillar with it, to mark its discovery and the lands won.


On 15 July, during the search for his first sea voyage, he reached Canary Ddeep, and on 26 July his fleet reached São Tiago in Cape Verde. After an 8-day stay here, Vasco de Gama took a winding route through the South Atlantic to Cape op Good Hope to escape the strong currents of the Gulf of Guyana, and thus with his vast fleet, he arrived in Santa Helena Bay on 7 November. Which currently arrives in South Africa, arrive there.


After this, on 16 November, he left for his entire team but due to bad weather and storm, his journey to turn from the Café of Good Hope was stopped till November. After this Vasco de Gama turned to the Gulf of Mosel. Here, he asked the ship carrying the luggage on one side and Pedrao Gada to separate.


He then reached the coast of Natal on 25 December. Then, furthering his campaign, he reached the coast of Natal on 11 January 1498. Vasco de Gama then accompanied his fleet to a small river between Natal and Mozambique, which he called "Rio de Cobar".


Furthering his campaign, he reached the Clemen River in modern Mozambique, which he called "Rio dos Bones Sinais". At the same time, during this expedition, many members of the ship crew suffered from scurvy disease due to vitamin C deficiency, due to which the operation was stopped for about 1 month. Then on 2 March, the fleet reached Mozambique Dadhip.


Vasco de Gama got to know about his trade with the Arab merchants in this afternoon. Four Arabic ships filled with gold, silver and spices were also parked there. Apart from this, they also came to know of the capture of several coastal cities of Mozambique ruler Prester John.


However, Prester John provided two shipyards to Vasco de Gama, one of whom escaped when he came to know that he was a Portuguese Christian. In this way, the expedition reached Malindi on 14 April, where it took a driver who knew the way to Calicut, located on the south-west coast of India.


At the same time, after several days' journey across the Indian Ocean, his fleet reached Calicut on the south-west coast of India on 20 May 1498, where Vasco de Gama established it as a proof of his reaching India. Let me tell you that during that time Calicut was one of the most famous and important trading centers of India, although Vasco de Gama got the business of the ruler of Calicut agreeing to trade.


After this, Vasco de Gama was forced to leave Calicut in August due to some differences with the ruler of Calicut after living here for about 3 months. At the same time, news of the discovery of India by Vasco de Gama started spreading. Actually Vasco de Gama discovered a sea route for Europe's merchants, sultans and robbers.


After which many kings and merchants of Europe came with the intention of occupying India and tried to assert their authority. Not only this, British people also started coming to India because of Portuguese. However, after this Vasco de Gama set out for Malindi, during this journey he reached Ajindeev Dadhip on 8 January 1499.


During this time it took them about 3 months to cross the Arabian Sea due to adverse winds and storms. Along with this, many members of his expedition fell into critical illness and died during this period.


On reaching Malindi, the number of his expedition was thus very low, due to which orders were given to burn the São Raffle ship. In this way Vasco de Gama also buried one of his pedraos there. Let me tell you that they reached Mozambique on 1 February, where they established their last Pedro.


Then after that, both Sao Grabriel and Berio separated due to the storm. Berio reached Portugal's Tragos River on 10 July while Sao Grabiel continued his journey to Darcyra Dedip of the Ejores and reached Lisbon on 9 September.


Vasco da Gama's second voyage - Vasco Da Gama Second Voyage

In 1502 Vasco de Gama gave the lead of about 10 ships as Admiral. In which there were about 9 fleets for every ship. Continuing its second voyage, the fleet of Vasco de Gama arrived at the Sofala Port in East Africa on 14 June 1502. Then after that they brought Goa to the southern Arabian coast reached .


At the Kantragor port, north of Calicut, southwest India, they waited for the Arab ships to be looted. In the meantime, after seizing the cargo of an Arab ship laden with goods, he set it on fire. Let us tell you that along with the cargo on this Arabic ship, there were many passengers including women, children, who died by burning with this ship.


It was the most frightening and heartbreaking illusion of Vasco de Gama's business life. Vasco de Gama's expedition proceeded to Calicut after a treaty with the ruler of Kantranor, the enemy of Jamori, the Hindu ruler of Calicut.


At the same time, Jamorin led Vasco de Gama in the hands of friendship, but Vasco de Gama turned down his offer and then Vasco de Gama threatened to expel all Muslims from the first port and then fiercely bombed the port. Granted. Not only this, Vasco de Gama also killed about 38 Hindu fishermen who came to sell their goods on the ship.


After this, the Portuguese advanced their expedition and reached the port of Cochin and made a treaty with the rulers of here who were enemies of Jamorin. The Portuguese then had a war near Calicut, after which they were forced to flee from here and returned to Portugal in 1503 and then returned to India after living there for nearly 20 years.


After this, King John III appointed him as the Portuguese Viceroy of India in 1524. After reaching Goa in September, Vasco de Gama reformed many administrative practices here.


Death of Vasco de Gama - Vasco Da Gama Death

Vasco de Gama suffered from malaria during his third visit to India, due to which he died on 24 May 1524. After this, the body of Vasco de Gama was brought to Portugal. His memorial has also been built in Lisbon from where he started his India tour.


In this way, Vasco de Gama's discovery of sea routes in India opened up many new opportunities for trade in the world and today it is because of his discovery that trade with sea routes is so easy. Vasco de Gama will always be remembered for his great discovery.

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